THAT branch of the lake of Como, which extends towards the south, is enclosed by two unbroken chains of mountains, which, as they advance and recede. The Betrothed is an Italian historical novel by Alessandro Manzoni, first published in , I promessi sposi was made into an opera of the same name by Amilcare Ponchielli in and by Errico Petrella in There have been many  Published in English‎: ‎ Directed by Mario Maffei. With Nando Angelini, Lilla Brignone, Carlo Campanini, Paolo Carlini.


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At the time the events happened which we undertake to recount, this town, already of considerable importance, was also a place of defence, and for that reason had the honour of lodging a commander, and the advantage of possessing a fixed garrison of Spanish soldiers, who taught modesty to the damsels and matrons of the country; bestowed from time to time marks of their favour on the shoulder of a husband or a father; and never failed, in autumn, to disperse themselves in the vineyards, to thin the grapes, and lighten for the peasant the labours of the vintage.

For some distance these lanes are hidden, and as it were buried between the walls, so that the passenger, looking upwards, can see nothing but the sky and the peaks of some neighbouring mountain: He was quietly repeating his office, and now and then, between one psalm i promessi sposi another, he would shut the breviary upon the fore-finger of his right hand, keeping it there for a mark; then, putting both his hands behind his back, the i promessi sposi with the closed book in the palm of the left, he pursued his way with downcast eyes, kicking, from time to time, towards the wall the flints which lay as stumbling-blocks in the path.

The Betrothed

Thus he gave more undisturbed audience to the idle thoughts which had come to tempt his spirit, while his lips repeated, of their own accord, his evening prayers. Escaping from these thoughts, he raised his eyes to the mountain which rose opposite; and mechanically gazed on the gleaming of i promessi sposi scarcely set sun, which, making its way through the clefts of the opposite mountain, was thrown upon the projecting peaks in large unequal masses of rose-coloured light.

The breviary open again, and another portion recited, he reached a turn, where he always used to raise his eyes and look forward; and so he did to-day.

The inner walls i promessi sposi the two ways, instead of meeting so as to form an angle, ended in a little chapel, on which were depicted certain figures, long, i promessi sposi, and terminating in a point.

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These, in i promessi sposi intention of the artist, and to the eyes of the neighbouring inhabitants, represented flames. The curate, having turned the corner, and looked forward, as was his custom, towards the chapel, beheld an unexpected sight, and one he would not willingly have seen.

Chapter I. Manzoni, Alessandro. I Promessi Sposi. The Harvard Classics

Two men, one opposite the other, were stationed at the confluence, so to say, of the two ways: You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources.

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Meanwhile, the Thirty Years' War brings more calamities. The last three dukes of the house of Gonzaga die without legitimate heirs sparking a war for control of northern Italy, with France and i promessi sposi Holy Roman Empire backing rival claimants.


Agnese, Don Abbondio and Perpetua take refuge in the well-defended territory of the Unnamed. In their absence, their village is wrecked by the mercenaries.

I promessi sposi | novel by Manzoni |

I promessi sposi edit ] These chapters are occupied with an i promessi sposi of the plague oflargely based on Giuseppe Ripamonti 's De peste quae fuit anno published in Manzoni's full version of this, Storia della Colonna Infame, was finished inbut was not published until it was included as an appendix to the revised edition of The end of August sees the death in Milan of the original villains of the story.

Renzo, troubled by Agnese's letters and recovering from plague, returns to his native i promessi sposi to find that many of the inhabitants are dead and that his house and vineyard have been destroyed.

The warrant, and Don Rodrigo, are forgotten. Tonio tells him that Lucia is in Milan. Conclusion[ edit ] On his arrival in Milan, Renzo is astonished at the state of the city.


His highland clothes invite suspicion that he is an "anointer"; that is, a foreign agent deliberately spreading plague in some way. He learns that Lucia is now languishing i promessi sposi the Lazzaretto of Milanalong with 16, other victims of the plague. But in fact, Lucia is already recuperating.

The friar absolves her of her vow of i promessi sposi.

I promessi sposi

Renzo walks through a rainstorm to see Agnese at the village of Pasturo. When they all return to their native i promessi sposi, Lucia and Renzo are finally married by Don Abbondio and the couple make a fresh start at a silk-mill at the gates of Bergamo.

Characters[ edit ] Renzo in an illustration Lorenzo Tramaglino, or in short form Renzois a young silk-weaver of humble origins, engaged to Lucia, whom he loves deeply.

Renzo is somewhat short-tempered, but also i promessi sposi and honest. Lucia Mondella is a pious and kind young woman who loves Renzo, though she can be egotistic and somehow cruel. She is forced to flee from her village to escape from Don Rodrigo in one of the most famous scenes of Italian literature, the Addio ai Monti or " Farewell to the mountains ".

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