CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO INDUSTRIAL ROBOTS AUTOMATION. The robotics market is expected to grow in popularity in the industrial sector as robots become more sophisticated, useful, and more widely. Robotics is a subject that leaves nobody indifferent. No matter if they are used to work in industry or at our homes, mimic some of the human capabilities, or used.


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introduction to industrial robots Industrial robots are a little different than the aforementioned Hollywood versions, so if you are interested in using robots to improve your business, it helps to understand your options.

Articulated Robot Delta Robot Articulated Robots The most commonly used robot is the articulated arm which comes in 4, 5, and 6-axis versions.

Industrial robot

Each axis rotates the next segment relative to a previous segment. This gives you varying degrees of motion. A 4 axis generally can only move in space while maintaining roll and pitch.

The 4th axis allows for rotation in yaw. A 5-axis robot is normally a 6-axis robot design with one axis removed.


This allows for a more compact arm design than the traditional 4 axis. It does this by removing the linkage that keeps the robot attachment level and instead levels it with a motor.


A 6-axis robot is very common as it can be used in almost any application. Some examples include deburringmachine tendingand order filling.

They can move in space and rotate about any direction. Delta Robots Delta robots specialize in high speed motion. With their light weight arms and low payloads, they can be a blur to watch!

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However, a introduction to industrial robots axis is the most common. There are a few factors to determine how much payload your robot needs. To find your robot payload, ask yourself the following questions: How much does the product weigh?

Intorduction to Industrial Robots | BARA

Will the robot need to lift multiples introduction to industrial robots make rate? How much will the tooling weigh?

Since this is a limiting factor a robot may not be able to reach its specified maximum speed for movements over a short distance or a complex path requiring frequent changes of direction. Accuracy — how closely a robot can reach a commanded position.

Industrial robot - Wikipedia

When the absolute position of the robot is measured and compared to the commanded position the error is a measure of accuracy.

Accuracy can be improved with external sensing for example a vision system or Infra-Red. Accuracy can vary with speed and position within the working envelope and with payload see compliance. Repeatability introduction to industrial robots how well the robot will return to a programmed position.

This is not the same as accuracy. This would be its accuracy which may be improved by calibration.

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