On August 7, , Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, authorizing President Johnson to take any measures he believed were necessary to retaliate and to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia. TONKIN GULF RESOLUTIONIn August Congress passed the Tonkin Gulf Resolution (78 Stat. ), approving and supporting President Lyndon B. It was 54 years ago today that a joint session of Congress approved the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, an act that led to the Vietnam War's.


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It also forbade the political interference of other countries in the area, the creation of new governments tonkin gulf resolution the stipulated elections, and foreign military presence.

ByPresident Ngo Dinh Diem faced significant discontent among some quarters of the southern population, including some Buddhists who were opposed to the rule of Diem's Catholic supporters. After suppressing Vietminh political cadres who were legally campaigning between and for the promised elections, Diem faced tonkin gulf resolution growing communist-led uprising that intensified byheaded by the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam NLF, or Viet Cong.

While Kennedy had originally supported the policy of sending military advisers to Diem, he had begun tonkin gulf resolution alter his thinking due to what he perceived to be the ineptitude of the Saigon government and its inability and unwillingness to make needed reforms which led to a U.

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution - HISTORY

Shortly before Kennedy was assassinated in Novemberhe had begun a limited recall of U. Johnson's views were likewise complex, but he tonkin gulf resolution supported military escalation as a means of challenging what was perceived to be the Soviet Union 's expansionist policies.

The Cold War policy of containment was to be tonkin gulf resolution to prevent the fall of Southeast Asia to communism under the precepts of the domino theory. After Kennedy's assassination, Johnson ordered in more U.

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

In three young Norwegian skippers traveled on a mission in South Vietnam. They were recruited tonkin gulf resolution the job by the Norwegian intelligence officer Alf Martens Meyer. Martens Meyer, who was head of department at the military intelligence staff, operated on behalf of U.


Navy stationed two destroyers, the Maddox and the Turner Joy, in the Gulf of Tonkin to bolster these actions. They reported an attack by North Vietnamese patrol boats on Tonkin gulf resolution 2, and a second attack on August 4.

Doubts later emerged as to whether or not the attack against the Turner Joy had taken place. Immediately after reports of the second attack, Johnson asked the U.

Gulf of Tonkin incident

Congress for permission to defend U. The Senate passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution with only two opposing votes, and the House of Representatives passed it unanimously.

  • The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and the limits of presidential power - National Constitution Center
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution - Wikipedia
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution | History, Facts, & Significance |
  • Further readings

Kennedywhich had already sent military advisors to the country to support homegrown forces. President Kennedy was himself assassinated a few weeks later and his successor, Johnson, believed that the tonkin gulf resolution way to stem the losses suffered by South Vietnamese troops was to increase U.

William Westmoreland By this time, U. In tonkin gulf resolution summer ofwith U. Military Assistance Command, the focus of these attacks shifted from commando raids on land to shoreline bombardments using mortars and rockets.

These actions on the shores of the Gulf of Tonkin gulf resolution were conducted with U. Maddox In the early morning hours of August 2,the crew of Maddox received an intelligence report suggesting that three North Vietnamese patrol boats had been dispatched to attack it.


Herrick, initially ordered Maddox to head out to sea, hoping to avoid confrontation. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources.

At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand tonkin gulf resolution context. In the presidential elections, Johnson had campaigned on a promise to keep U.


In addition, the public learned through the release of the Pentagon Papers that the Tonkin Gulf incident was actually instigated by the United States tonkin gulf resolution was not as damaging as the tonkin gulf resolution had suggested.

Some constitutional law authorities argued that it was irrelevant whether Congress was deceived by the executive in passing the Tonkin Gulf Resolution because the resolution provided that Congress could repeal it at any time.

In addition, the scholars argued that Congress had the power to stop appropriating money to support the war effort.

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